Tresnuraghes is a town with a population of about 200. The name’s etymology stems from the presence of three ancient nuraghi (ancient, megalithic edifices) near the town; two have long since disappeared but the traces of a third one remain. In other parts of this area there is evidence that points to the past existence of these monuments named “Martine”, Nani” and “Tepporoe”: a giant’s tomb, on the road to the countryside church of San Marco, two miles from the town. Near the santuario you can also make out signs from the Neolithic period bearing witness: several “domus de Janas” and a dolmen in the “Foghe” locality and on the “Ju Malmuradu” (a petrified yoke). In the centre of the town, very low houses are the norm, growing outwards around the parish of San Giorgio Martire, whose patron day is celebrated at the end of April. Unmissable, there is also the “Casa Deriu” museum, where you can take a journey back in time, beginning with the life of a bourgeois Sardinian family from the 18th to the 19th century. The house contains the original furniture and a vast book collection of around one thousand volumes, edited between the 17th century and early in the 20th century.
Bosa is a charming little village which features an ancient history that is evidenced by the noble beauty of the buildings in the historic centre and in the hills that dominate it, by the Malaspina castle and by the coloured houses built all around the medieval quarter of “Sa Costa”. Thanks to the Temo river, the only navigable river in Sardinia, Bosa was, in the past, an important commercial centre. As testimony to this fact, there still remain industrial buildings in the “Sas Conzas” area where skins were tanned.
The three main events of the Bosa calendar are:-
- – Bosa carnival (in March and in August)
- – The “Madonna del Mare” festival (the first Sunday in August)
- – The “Regnos Altos” festival (the second weekend in September)
Tinnura. This small town is an “open-air” museum of modern art: in the evocative, paved streets and small squares you can admire monuments and statues created by Sardinian artists, together with picturesque murals painted on the walls of the houses, featuring moments of rural village life. Also, still impressive, is the variety of colour in the walkways, paved in red trachyte and white marble, and the grey basalt streets along which, in the spring, vegetable fibres are dried in the sun before being used as decoration in the typical local basketry craft.
Il Montiferru represents the largest and most important volcanic range in Sardinia and sits in an environmentally rich area with ecosystems which range from mountainous to marine. This area probably has the greatest variety and number of walking paths in Sardinia and reaches a maximum elevation on “Monte Urtigu” at 1050 metres. As regards the local fauna, the animals that dominate Montiferru are, above all, mouflon (a type of wild sheep), deer and wild boar, whilst the main florae in this sub-region are symbolised by oak, Holm oaks and roverello trees.
Santu Lussurgiu, built completely with stone, is a village in the Montiferru area which is fascinating simply for the vibrant colours of the lanscape, the scents in the air and the incessant roaring of the crystal-clear, mineral water streams. Undoubtedly, the most impressive is the “Elighes Uttiosos” stream, whose waters flow amongst the roots of the Holm oak trees and then fall to the valley below, feeding “su Riu ‘e Sos Molinos”, also known as la “Cascata S’Istrampu de Sos Molinos”. Santu Lussurgiu is also well known for its horses and for the production of knives.